By Michael Wintle
This booklet offers a complete account of Dutch heritage within the "long" 19th century. during this attention-grabbing and instructive interval the rustic observed tremendous speedy inhabitants progress, remarkable dying premiums, magnificent fertility, the various quickest monetary progress on the earth, a uniquely huge and effective carrier region, an enormous and ecocnomic out of the country empire, and relative tolerance. this is often the one single-authored ebook at present to be had in this the most important interval of Dutch heritage, and it'll be of vital significance to Dutch experts, in addition to ecu historians extra more often than not.
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Additional resources for An Economic and Social History of the Netherlands, 1800-1920: Demographic, Economic and Social Transition
Demographic indicators 33 size: these towns maintained their share of the population until the 1870s, and then began to decline in relative terms. 5 per cent of its population living in cities of more than 100,000 inhabitants, and a further 13 per cent living in towns of more than 20,000. œœ The number of really large towns in the country was small: Rotterdam, The Hague and perhaps Utrecht, with Amsterdam towering above them all. The capital had 221,000 inhabitants in 1795, which actually fell to 211,000 in 1840, but then rose to 325,000 in 1880, and further doubled to 661,700 in 1920.
Van der Woude, ‘Bevolking en gezin’, 58. Algera-Van der Schaaf, ‘Quinine cultivation’; Headrick, The tools of empire, 71–2; Headrick, The tentacles of progress, 230–7; and Swellengrebel and De Buck, Malaria, 26–8. — All this, together with medical improvement and enhanced quantity and quality of diet, went some way to improve the atrocious conditions found in the west before the 1870s. Breastfeeding and mortality Nonetheless, water does not provide a total explanation: piped water had reached only the larger towns by 1900.
5 29 The Dutch demographic experience To return to the original set of questions about Dutch demographic history in the modern period: why has the Dutch population grown more rapidly than in most other European countries? Why were the death rates so high to begin with, and then what caused the very rapid and deep fall in mortality after the 1860s? What role did birth rates (or marital fertility) play in this? What caused them to decline more slowly than in other countries, and what caused them to increase at certain stages in certain areas?