An African Athens: Rhetoric and the Shaping of Democracy in by Philippe-Joseph Salazar

By Philippe-Joseph Salazar

An African Athens bargains an research of a brand new ecology of rhetoric--the reshaping of a kingdom right into a democracy via rhetorical capability. writer Philippe-Joseph Salazar offers a basic view of matters as they've got taken form within the apartheid and post-apartheid South African event, offering the rustic as a striking level for taking part in out the good issues of public deliberation and the increase of postmodern rhetorical democracy. Salazar's intimate vantage element specializes in the impressive case of a democracy gained on the negotiating desk and in addition gained each day in public deliberation. This quantity provides a full-scale rhetorical research of a democratic transformation in post-Cold battle period, and gives a learn of the death of apartheid and post-apartheid from the perspective of political and public rhetoric and verbal exchange. In doing so, it serves as a template for related enquiries within the rhetorical research of rising democracies. meant for readers engaged within the research of political and public rhetoric with an curiosity in how democracy takes form, An African Athens highlights South Africa as a try case for international democracy, for rhetoric, and for the relevance of rhetoric experiences in a postmodern democracy.

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In fact, it is the very banality of this rhetorical device (a hidden enthymeme, or faulty syllogistic reasoning: the President is Prudence; the President’s image appears; then take notice of prudence) that matters and that is indeed “magical” (given that the presidential image is a fiat that makes something evident). The banal recourse by media offices and government information services to presidential evidential presence—in this case the portrait together with the citation—further entrenches the presence of praise in public deliberation on the nature of power.

64 The prayer read by Tutu at the Swearing-In Ceremony on May 10, 1994, at the Union Buildings in Pretoria sums up what is intended by fullness of time: the accomplishment of the kairos, the nation’s conversion to democracy. ”66 The oratorical link created by Desmond Tutu has helped give shape to a unique situation: that of a postmodern democracy shaping its public deliberative world view in close alliance with a set of religious arguments regarding the nation. In traditional European democracies, rooted in 18th-century freethinking, the exercise of the public mind and the achievement of reasonable participation in the exercise of power are carefully separated from religion; religion is often perceived as the fossilized remnant of a predemocratic system of deliberation.

It is clear that under other circumstances his ethos would not have been so readily accepted, nor allowed him enough credibility to quote, in English, an Afrikaans poet on the sufferings of African children. In other circumstances, he might have alienated everyone at once. However, on this occasion, he offered a “vision” that was also a fiction. And such a move, if we consider it, was even bolder. As said before, until the concluding paragraphs this speech can be seen as the actualization of the initial fiction.

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