By Peyton E. Daniels
Africa has traditionally held a peripheral function within the transnational illicit drug alternate, yet in recent times has more and more develop into a spotlight for drug trafficking, really of cocaine. Africa's emergence as a trafficking nexus appears to be like to have resulted from structural shifts in foreign drug trafficking styles. This e-book examines how most sensible to stability temporary and long term counter-narcotics pursuits and methods in Africa, how a number of U.S. civilian and army and foreign organization counter-narcotics roles and obligations in Africa can be outlined and what forms and degrees of assets those efforts may well require.
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Extra info for Africa's Connection to the Drug Trade (African Political, Economic, and Security Issues)
Testimony of Farah Douglas, Senior Fellow, International… 19 What draws terrorist and criminal organizations together, as overt state sponsorship for terrorism has been curtailed, are the shadow facilitators who understand how to exploit the seams in the international legal and economic structure, and who work with both terrorist and criminal organizations. Both groups use the same pipelines, the same illicit structures, and exploit the same state weaknesses, and are increasingly overlapping. 7 One of the reasons for this is the dismal state of governance in West Africa is that since the early 1990s the region has suffered a series of conflicts centered on natural resources, particularly diamonds, timber, oil, and gold.
15 "Colombia: Amid Signs of Progress, Warning of a Cartel War," Latin American Security & Strategic Review, January 2009. 16 See: Edward Harris, ―Hezbollah Extorting Funds From West Africa‘s Diamond Merchants,‖ Associated Press, 29 June 2004. 17 Hamid Ghiryah, "Hezbullah Officials Carrying Donations Reportedly Killed in Lebanese Plane Crash," al-Siyasah (Kuwait), Dec. 29, 2003. For a broader look at the role of the Lebanese diaspora in West African illicit trade activities, see: Lansana Gberie, War and Peace in Sierra Leone: Diamonds, Corruption and the Lebanese Connection, The Diamond and Human Security Project, Occasional Paper 6, January 2003.
S. 38 Thomas M. C § 960a gives DEA an enforcement tool for narcoterrorism. Like Section 959, Section 960a gives DEA jurisdiction to investigate and prosecute extra-territorial offenses if a link between the drug offense and a specified act of terrorism or a terrorist organization can be established. Under this statute, the prescribed punishment is twice the punishment provided for the underlying drug offense. S. for the underlying drug offense, a concept that is particularly important in cases involving heroin from Afghanistan, and could also be applied to international terrorists involved in the African drug trade.