By Aquino De Braganca, Immanuel Maurice Wallerstein
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Extra info for African Liberation Reader: Documents of the National Liberation Movements : The Strategy of Liberation
When transcribed, interpreting clearly crosses the talk-to-type divide. Walker (1990:242) asserts that "Without awareness, and without inquiry, institution-based discrepancies will continue to be irregularly characteristic of verbatim transcripts, and the customs and conventions of court reporters will continue to carry unknown consequences for the appellate process and those who enter into it". The seven categories are: sworn or unsworn, educated or uneducated, expert or lay witness, ins or outs, employer or non-employer, liked or disliked, and sees transcript or doesn't see transcript (Walker 1990:233).
If the interpreter misconducted herself, that would be a breach of her ethical and professional duties. It could be dealt with accordingly. It could even amount to a criminal offence. It would warrant action against her to discipline her or remove her from the list of Government interpreters". Per Samuels J. A. in Gradidge v. Grace Bros. Pty. Ltd. (1988) 93 FLR 414 at 425-6. Emphasis added. References Berk-Seligson, Susan (1990a) 'Bilingual Court Proceedings: The Role of the Court Interpreter', in J.
A particular interpreted utterance may be acknowledged as flawed, but it will be considered an aberration. Even if attention is drawn to an accumulation of interpreting deficiencies, these will be attributed to the failings of the approach adopted by the individuals responsible for the product. The inherent fallibility of the interpreting process will be denied, for to acknowledge it is to question the very nature of the law, itself a system of translation. An interpreter who goes beyond the literal meaning or verbatim, word-for-word norm is using his/her own subjective understanding, his/her own words, putting words into the witness's mouth - is interpreting, not translating.