A Companion to Analytic Philosophy by A. P. Martinich, E. David Sosa

By A. P. Martinich, E. David Sosa

A spouse to Analytic Philosophy is a accomplished consultant to many major analytic philosophers and ideas of the final hundred years.

  • Provides a finished advisor to a number of the most important analytic philosophers of the final 100 years.
  • Offers transparent and huge research of profound recommendations equivalent to fact, goodness, wisdom, and sweetness.
  • Written by means of essentially the most exceptional philosophers alive, a few of whom have entries within the e-book dedicated to them.

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Nonetheless, his own theory of descriptions, and the uses to which he then put it in his logical-analytic program, did seem to many philosophers to show that it is through the logical analysis of language that philosophers can make progress in resolving old debates. ). Avoiding the contradiction Russell’s main concern in the years following the publication of The Principles of Mathematics was not in fact the theory of descriptions and its implications, which I have been discussing. Instead he was still preoccupied with his logicist project, on which he was now working with the Cambridge mathematician and (later) philosopher A.

In “On Denoting” and thereafter Russell ridiculed this position as conflicting with “the robust sense of reality” which “ought to be preserved even in the most abstract studies” (1919: 169–70); but in truth Meinong’s position was a good deal more subtle than Russell appreciated. ” Since Russell took it that the meaning of a name was just the name’s bearer, it followed at once that such descriptions were not names. This, he recognized, did not rule out the treatment of such descriptions as introducing denoting concepts into a proposition.

Russell recognized that Leibniz had also conceived this hypothesis but had been prevented from demonstrating it, largely because of the inadequacies of the traditional logic to which he adhered. But with the richer resources of the logic employed by Peano (which Russell immediately used to develop a new logic of relations), Russell supposed that Leibniz’s logicist hypothesis could now be vindicated. An important aspect of Russell’s new project was the opportunity it provided him to continue his criticisms of idealist philosophy: The questions of chief importance to us, as regards the Kantian theory, are two, namely, (1) are the reasonings in mathematics in any way different from those of Formal Logic?

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